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Phonics

Parents' Guide to Phonics

Contents:

  • DfE Youtube Channel
  • Useful Websites
  • What is Phonics?
  • Taught phonemes
  • Printable Guide

DfE Letters & Sounds YouTube Channel

Starting Monday 27th April.

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCP_FbjYUP_UtldV2K_-niWw/channels?view_as=public

Useful Websites

Jolly Phonics Letter Sounds- This site models how each of the phonemes in phase 2 and 3 should be pronounced

 https://youtu.be/-ksblMiliA8

Topmarks - this site offers and range of free interactive games.

https://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/5-7-years/letters-and-sounds

Phonics Play- this site offers some interactive games for free

https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/freeIndex.htm#

Phonics Bloom -  this site offers some interactive games  and phoneme flash cards for free.

https://www.phonicsbloom.com/

ICT Games – offers games to support the recognition of phonemes

https://www.ictgames.com/mobilePage/literacy.html

What is phonics?

Phonics is a systematic way to teach children to read and spell words. It enables children to blend the individual phonemes (the sound letter(s) make) and also supports their spelling to segment (break down) words orally by individual phonemes e.g. d_o_g.

 

At Fitzmaurice, we use LCP a scheme of work to deliver daily phonics in a multi-sensory way. LCP follows ‘Letter and Sounds’,  a DFE phonics guidance.

 

The DFE stated in 2012:  

“High quality phonics teaching gives children a solid base on which to build as they progress through school. Children who master the mechanics of reading are well-placed to go on to develop a love of reading."

 

Children undertake a statutory screening check at the end of Year 1. The phonics screening check is a short and simple assessment of phonic decoding. It consists of a list of 40 words, half real words and half non-words, which Year 1 children read to a teacher. Administering the assessment usually takes between four and nine minutes per child.

 

The check is designed to confirm whether individual pupils have learnt phonic decoding to an appropriate standard and have grasped the essential skills that underpin good reading.

Taught Phonemes

 

There are 44+ common phonemes in the English language which are taught throughout a child’s time in the reception year and year one.  The phonemes are listed in the grids below by the phases they are taught in. 

 

Phases taught in Reception

 

Phase 2

 

  s

a

t

p

i

 n

 m

  d

sat

pat

tap

sap

pip

tin

mat

did

  g

o

c

k

ck

 e

 u

  r

gag

got

cap

kit

sock

pen

cup

rat

  h

b

f

ff

l

 ll

 ss

 

had

bad

fit

puff

leg

tell

hiss

 

 

Phase 3          

 

  j

v

w

x

y

 z

 zz

  qu

jam

vet

win

fox

yes

zip

buzz

quit

  ch

sh

th

ng

ai

 ee

igh

oa

chop

ship

then

ring

wait

feel

high

coat

ur

ow

oi

ear

air

ure

er

 

burn

down

soil

hear

hair

pure

fern

 

 

In Phase 4 no new phonemes are taught, but children learn how to read and spell CCVC (Consonant, Consonant, Vowel, Consonant) and CCVCC words using the phonemes they already know.

 

Phase 4 – CCVC

words

green

fresh

swing

smell

spoon

train

brush

sport

CCVCC

words

stand

crisp

spend

twist

frost

stamp

think

grunt

 

Phase taught in Year 1

 

Phase 5

 

  ay

 ou

 ie

  ea

oy

ir

ue

day

out

lie

seat

boy

girl

blue

ue

aw

wh

ph

ew

oe

au

glue

saw

when

phonics

blew

toe

haul

ey

a_e

e_e

i_e

o_e

u_e

 

donkey

game

these

kite

bone

June

 

 

Later in year 1, the children are taught Alternative Graphemes (the letter(s) used) to make the same phoneme (sound) for reading and spelling.

 

Phase 5

Alternative Graphemes

 

  ai, ay, a_e, a, ey,

chain

day

came

bacon

grey

 

 

ee, ey, ea, e, y, ie, e_e

feet

donkey

bead

she

happy

field

even

ie, igh, i_e, i, y

pie

fright

ripe

child

fry

 

 

 er, ur, ir, or, ear

her

fur

bird

worm

learn

 

 

 or, aw, augh, our, au, al

sort

claw

caught

court

haunt

ball

 

 air, ere, ear, are

fair

there

pear

square

 

 

 

oa, ow, oe, o_o, o

goat

glow

toe

home

cold

 

 

u, oul, oo

pull

should

book

 

 

 

 

Phase 5

Alternative Graphemes

(cont)

oo, ue, ew u_e

moon

flute

chew

blue

 

 

 

u, u_e, ue                                 ar, a, al

unit

cube

rescue

 

car

father

half

j, g, dge                                   ear, ere, eer

jar

ginger

bridge

 

fear

severe

cheer

ch, c                                         n, gn, kn

school

cat

 

 

next

gnome

knit

ch, tch, ture

chin

catch

mixture

 

 

 

 

sh, ch, ti, ci, s

ship

chalet

caption

social

sure

 

 

 

Information in PDF for printing

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